Grammar Toolbox: Joining sentences
There are many ways to join sentences. Here are a few examples:
and shows extra information, a next step, etc.:
- Susan switched off the lights and went to bed.
or shows an alternative, another option or possibility:
- You can come alone or bring a friend.
but shows a contrast, something that goes against the first sentence:
- Andrew had to study for the exam, but fell asleep after half an hour.
so shows a natural next step, a logical consequence:
- I felt lonely, so I went over to a friend of mine.
Other ways of joining sentences
We can join sentences by using words like ...
- Joan left early. She had to be home by nine.
- Joan left early because she had to be home by nine.
Here are some examples:
Time: while, before, after, as, since, as soon as
- Before we left, we checked that all the windows were closed.
Cause: because, as, since
- Since there was no food left, we had to go fishing.
Purpose/result: so that
- She tip-toed across the floor so that no one would hear her.
Contrast: although, though, even though
- Although she had a high fever, Deborah went to school the next day.
Condition: if, in case
- If you come tomorrow, I'll show you a new project of mine.